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Radio-frequency identification tags are used by waste management systems to track and manage assets that are usually portable or transported from one place to another. It allows the user to access location information of an asset in real-time. For example, if you have an RFID tag in your bag, you do not have to worry about misplacing it. It plays the role of a radio transferer and a radio responder simultaneously- a radio transponder. RFID technologies can be of two types:

  • Passive RFID which is powered by radio waves radiated by the antenna or
  • Active RFID which is powered by batteries

RFID tag 

There are various types of RFID tags that could be used for multiple purposes, such as in-line tags, bin tags, glass tags, beacons, brick tags, and tags that could be embedded in animal collars. Any manufacturers, managers, or an everyday person can use the tracking abilities that are enabled by RFID tags. The RFID tag plays a dual role as a storage unit and a decision-making processor.  It has two main components:

  1. RFID label or tag- which is embedded with both: transmitter and reader. It houses two other parts which is the microchip that stores and processors data and an antenna that receives, transmits data consecutively. The antenna is usually a conductive metal strip embedded within the tag.
  2. RFID reader- Also known as the RFID interrogator, reads the data accumulated by the RFID tag and acts as a two-way radio transmitter between the tag and the user (normally accessing the information from a stationary position)

The Encapsulation- protective gear for the RFID tag- is sometimes built around industrial RFID tags to provide further protection for the tag to withstand dynamic environments. 

How is RFID tagged Waste Management Systems Advantageous? 

Waste disposal systems are not stationary cycles that run under one roof. They are mobile systems that require visiting bins and transporting garbage to dumps which are located around cities or to recycling or fertilising units- treatment centres. If systematic implementation and monitoring are not being maintained in waste management systems, it could lead to issues that can cause inconveniences economically and socially. Therefore, Waste Management Systems are incomplete without RFID tags! Because RFID tags unleash reliable waste distribution systems within the waste management firms. RFID tags that are developed for industrial purposes would accommodate resilient features to high speeds, heat changes, gases, water, or even chemicals that can be hazardous to human beings. RFID tags allow waste managers to:

  • Trace the waste transportation streams – he/she can access the name of the driver, the location where the trash has been collected, the vehicle number, the container number, etc. 
  • Monitor and analyse how many time containers have been used and measure the sorting quality of the system
  • Get information about the waste weight and contents nature: glass, paper, organic, masonry, etc. in real-time.
  • Calculate service charges and incentive related to the waste employees and customers according to their necessity
  • Control access to restricted areas. RFID tags can track humans who are working for waste management systems. The managers can restrict their access to VIP zones, contaminated areas, or other areas that do not require their presence during the process.

Many readers who are fascinated by smart bins and smart waste management systems are curious about RFID tags. We hope this article clarified your doubts about how RFID tags allow waste managers to tacitly supervise disposal systems and intervene when they are supposed to. This keeps a supervisor to classily and cleanly take care of disposal systems and run a disposal plant smoothly, efficiently, and in a futuristic manner.